Friar


Friar
Member of one of four (male) *mendicant orders who lived in the world, outside the monastery, whose purpose was to preach, living off donations. This was resented by some who thought such money should more properly be given to the local parish church. By living in the world they were bypassing the earlier idea that monks should be of fixed abode. In time they became rich, receiving gifts from wealthy sinners, losing their moral edge, even though they were not burdened by the extensive properties as monasteries were. The Franciscans (first arrived in England in 1224) and Dominicans (first arrived in England in 1221 at Oxford) were evangelists from c. 1220, esp. in the towns. [< Fr. frere, fredre = brother] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Friar — • A member of one of the mendicant orders Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Friar     Friar     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Friar — Fri ar, n. [OR. frere, F. fr[ e]re brother, friar, fr. L. frater brother. See {Brother}.] 1. (R. C. Ch.) A brother or member of any religious order, but especially of one of the four mendicant orders, viz: {(a) Minors, Gray Friars, or Franciscans …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • friar — late 13c., from O.Fr. frere brother, friar (9c.), originally the mendicant orders (Franciscans, Augustines, Dominicans, Carmelites), who reached England early 13c., from L. frater brother (see BROTHER (Cf. brother)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • friar — friar, monk A friar is a member of a mendicant (i.e. living on alms) or originally mendicant religious order of men, especially the Augustinians, Carmelites, Dominicans, and Franciscans, who live among the people and do good works. A monk can… …   Modern English usage

  • friar — *religious, monk, nun …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • friar — ► NOUN ▪ a member of any of certain religious orders of men, especially the four mendicant orders (Augustinians, Carmelites, Dominicans, and Franciscans). ORIGIN Old French frere, from Latin frater brother …   English terms dictionary

  • friar — [frī′ər] n. [ME frer, frier < OFr frere < L frater, BROTHER] a member of any of various mendicant orders, as a Franciscan or Dominican friarly adj …   English World dictionary

  • friar —    A friar is a monk, and would therefore normally be addressed as ‘brother’, but ‘friar’, used on its own or followed by a name, seems to have been used in former times. Friars were properly members of the mendicant orders of the Roman Catholic… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • Friar — A friar is a member of one of the mendicant orders.Friars and monksFriars differ from monks in that they are called to a life of poverty in service to a community, rather than cloistered asceticism and devotion. Whereas monks live cloistered away …   Wikipedia

  • friar — n 1. mendicant, monk, monastic, almsman, beggar, brother; father, padre, priest; prior, abbot, abbé 2.Franciscan, Gray Friar; Dominican, Black Friar; Carmelite, White Friar; Augustinian, Austin Friar …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

  • friar — /fruy euhr/, n. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a religious order, esp. the mendicant orders of Franciscans, Dominicans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. 2. Print. a blank or light area on a printed page caused by uneven inking of the plate or type.… …   Universalium


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